Publications

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I. Gnusov, H. Sigurdsson, J.D. Töpfer, S. Baryshev, S. Alyatkin, P.G. Lagoudakis

All-Optical Linear-Polarization Engineering in Single and Coupled Exciton-Polariton Condensates

We demonstrate all-optical linear-polarization control in semiconductor microcavities using an excitonpolariton condensate in an elliptically shaped optical trap. The microcavity inherent TE-TM splitting lifts the pseudospin degeneracy of the anisotropic trap ground state. The emerging fine-structure modes are shown to be polarized linearly parallel and perpendicular to the trap major axis. We demonstrate polariton condensation into the excited pseudospin mode with a high degree of linear polarization, which rotates as we rotate the trap. We then extend our study to a system of two coupled linearly polarized condensates and demonstrate rich spin dynamics reflecting spontaneous synchronization and high correlation between the condensate pseudospins as a function of the pump parameters. Our findings open up exciting perspectives in both spinoptronics and studies on extended systems of interacting nonlinear optical elements with anisotropic coupling strength and adjustable fine structure.

Exporter la référence : Phys. Rev. Applied 16, 034014 (2021)
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S. Alyatkin, H. Sigurdsson, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. G. Lagoudakis

Quantum fluids of light in all-optical scatterer lattices

One of the recently established paradigms in condensed matter physics is examining a system’s behaviour in artificial potentials, giving insight into phenomena of quantum fluids in hard-to-reach settings. A prominent example is the matter-wave scatterer lattice, where high energy matter waves undergo transmission and reflection through narrow width barriers leading to stringent phase matching conditions with lattice band formation. In contrast to evanescently coupled lattice sites, the realisation of a scatterer lattice for macroscopic matter-wave fluids has remained elusive. Here, we implement a system of exciton-polariton condensates in a non-Hermitian Lieb lattice of scatterer potentials. By fine tuning the lattice parameters, we reveal a nonequilibrium phase transition between distinct regimes of polariton condensation: a scatterer lattice of gain guided polaritons condensing on the lattice potential maxima, and trapped polaritons condensing in the potential minima. Our results pave the way towards unexplored physics of non-Hermitian fluids in non-stationary mixtures of confined and freely expanding waves.

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Anton V. Zasedatelev, Anton V. Baranikov, Denis Sannikov, Darius Urbonas, ..., Thilo Stöferle, Rainer F. Mahrt, Pavlos G. Lagoudakis

Single-photon nonlinearity at room temperature

The recent progress in nanotechnology and single-molecule spectroscopy paves the way for emergent cost-effective organic quantum optical technologies with potential applications in useful devices operating at ambient conditions. We harness a π-conjugated ladder-type polymer strongly coupled to a microcavity forming hybrid light–matter states, so-called exciton-polaritons, to create exciton-polariton condensates with quantum fluid properties. Obeying Bose statistics, exciton-polaritons exhibit an extreme nonlinearity when undergoing bosonic stimulation, which we have managed to trigger at the single-photon level, thereby providing an efficient way for all-optical ultrafast control over the macroscopic condensate wavefunction. Here, we utilize stable excitons dressed with high-energy molecular vibrations, allowing for single-photon nonlinear operation at ambient conditions. This opens new horizons for practical implementations like sub-picosecond switching, amplification and all-optical logic at the fundamental quantum limit.

Exporter la référence : Nature 597, 493–497 (2021)
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Oliviero Cannelli, Nicola Colonna, Michele Puppin, Thomas C. Rossi, Dominik Kinschel, Ludmila M. D. Leroy, ..., Franziska Krieg, Simon C. Boehme, Maksym V. Kovalenko, Majed Chergui*, and Giulia F. Mancini*

Quantifying Photoinduced Polaronic Distortions in Inorganic Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals

The development of next-generation perovskitebased optoelectronic devices relies critically on the understanding of the interaction between charge carriers and the polar lattice in out-of-equilibrium conditions. While it has become increasingly evident for CsPbBr3 perovskites that the Pb−Br framework flexibility plays a key role in their light-activated functionality, the corresponding local structural rearrangement has not yet been unambiguously identified. In this work, we demonstrate that the photoinduced lattice changes in the system are due to a specific polaronic distortion, associated with the activation of a longitudinal optical phonon mode at 18 meV by electron−phonon coupling, and we quantify the associated structural changes with atomic-level precision. Key to this achievement is the combination of timeresolved and temperature-dependent studies at Br K and Pb L3 X-ray absorption edges with refined ab initio simulations, which fully account for the screened core-hole final state effects on the X-ray absorption spectra. From the temporal kinetics, we show that carrier recombination reversibly unlocks the structural deformation at both Br and Pb sites. The comparison with the temperaturedependent XAS results rules out thermal effects as the primary source of distortion of the Pb−Br bonding motif during photoexcitation. Our work provides a comprehensive description of the CsPbBr3 perovskites’ photophysics, offering novel insights on the light-induced response of the system and its exceptional optoelectronic properties.

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Leon G. Feld, Yevhen Shynkarenko, Franziska Krieg, Gabriele Raino*, and Maksym V. Kovalenko*

Perovskite Quantum Dots for Super-Resolution Optical Microscopy: Where Strong Photoluminescence Blinking Matters

Blinking nanoscale emitters, typically single molecules, are employed in single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM), such as direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (dSTORM), to overcome Abbe’s diffraction limit, offering spatial resolution of few tens of nanometers. Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) feature high photostability, ultrahigh absorption cross-sections and brightness, as well as wide tunability of the emission properties, making them a compelling alternative to organic molecules. Here, CsPbBr3 nanocrystals, the latest addition to the QD family, are explored as probes in SMLM. Because of the strongly suppressed QD photoluminescence blinking (ON/OFF occurrence higher than 90%), it is diffcult to resolve emitters with overlapping point-spread functions by standard dSTORM methods due to false localizations. A new work-flow based on ellipticity filtering effciently identifies false localizations and allows the precise localization of QDs with subwavelength spatial resolution. Aided by Monte-Carlo simulations, the optimal QD blinking dynamics for dSTORM applications is identified, harnessing the benefits of higher QD absorption cross-section and the enhanced QD photostability to further expand the field of QD super-resolution microscopy toward sub-nanometer spatial resolution.

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Tan Nguyen, Claudine Katan, Jacky Even

The 6th Journées Perovskites Halogénées 2021 (JPH2021)

In the context of rising popularity of perovskites as the potential candidate for many future photovoltaic and lighting applications, the Journées Pérovskites Halogénées 2021 (JPH2021) gathered researchers working on these exciting materials across France. Chemists, physicists and engineers from many experimental and theory groups discussed the diverse and multidisciplinary aspects of the field including synthesis, structural and optical characterization of thin films and nanostructures (0D, 1D, 2D and 3D), etc. These are of crucial importance for the applications in photovoltaics, light detection and LED, thermoelectricity and many more. Three intense sessions were dedicated to the following exciting themes: Synthesis and fundamental properties, Characterization of materials and modelling, Devices and industrial aspects. Interested viewers can find more details from the conference website at https://jph2021.sciencesconf.org. Our current theoretical work under the workpackage WP2 of the European POLLOC project is devoted to the electronic and optical properties of the nanocrystal systems of single exciton and beyond. The contributed talk, which was given during the session “Characterization of materials and modelling” of JPH2021, focuses on the correlation origin of the exciton fine-structure as well as the biexciton/trion emission using many-body perturbation theory as well as the configuration interaction approach. This project was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 program, through a FET Open research and innovation action under the grant agreement No 899141 (PoLLoC).

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Denis Guthleben

Marie Curie, la pionnière aux deux Nobel

Il y a tout juste 150 ans, le 7 novembre 1867, naissait Marie Curie. Alors que de nombreux événements sont prévus cette année pour célébrer cette scientifique de génie, dont une grande exposition au Panthéon, l’historien Denis Guthleben revient sur son parcours marqué, entre autres, par l’obtention de deux prix Nobel dans des disciplines différentes.

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Jean DELMAS

Dieux de l'Inde

L’Inde fourmille d’images et de signes religieux sur les murs de ses temples, dans ses musées et ses modestes sanctuaires domestiques. Guidant le lecteur dans le dédale du panthéon hindou, ce livre richement illustré lui fera découvrir le sens des figures divines.

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Patrick PAILLET

Qu’est-ce que l’art préhistorique ?

L’irruption soudaine des images au début du Paléolithique supérieur, il y a environ 40 000 ans, révèle les extraordinaires capacités cognitives des premiers hommes modernes et pose la question de leur origine, de leur enracinement culturel. D’où viennent ces comportements symboliques ?

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